In the Old Testament of the Bible, there were seven annual, holy times given to man from YHWH. The Day of Pentecost is one of those days and was a holy day for over a thousand years before the Holy Spirit fell. It also stands to be mentioned that it was a very significant part of prophecy when taken into the context of the season.
The seven annual, holy days are divided into TWO SEASONS. You’ll note the all caps underlined nature of the words “TWO SEASONS.” That’s because it’s hugely important!!
Spring Holy Days
First, let’s look at the first season of holy days. Although we have strong evidence to believe these days existed before, we read our first commandment to observe these days some 2,500 years after Adam was created. At this time, the Hebrews had been in Egypt for 430 years (215 of which they were held against their will and exploited as slaves). But alas, this was the time of Moses’ deliverance!!
Everybody knows the story of the exodus from Egypt, but here are the important pieces for the intent and purpose of this lesson. After YHWH sent nine plagues upon Egypt, Pharaoh still refused to release Israel from bondage, so He sent one last plague more devastatingly tragic than all the rest combined: the angel of death passed through Egypt slaying the firstborn son of every house! Fortunately, for the Hebrews, their firstborn were spared because they did as Moses instructed, namely slaughtering a sacrificial lamb and applying its blood to the posts of their doors. The angel of death thus passed over their houses.
After this happened, Pharaoh IMMEDIATELY ordered the Hebrews to take their things, their animals, and even some spoils and depart. So in great haste, the Hebrews fled Egypt without even the opportunity to allow their bread to rise! They crossed the sea and camped at Mt. Sinai (Mt. Horeb) where Moses was given the Ten Commandments.
From this time forward, the Hebrews were commanded by YHWH to keep the following holy days in the first and third months of the Biblical calendar in remembrance of His mighty deliverance of their people out of Egyptian bondage:
- פסח (pronounced: pesach, Passover) – First month, 14th day, commemorates the lamb slain for deliverance from bondage and death
- תוצמה גח (pronounced: chag hamatzot, Feast of Unleavened Bread) – First month, 15th-21st, commemorates the bread that didn’t have time to rise
- ביכורים (pronounced: bikkurim, The Feast of First Fruits) – First month, first day of the week after the weekly Sabbath following Passover, commemorates the first of the fruits of the land promised to them
- שבועות (pronounced: shavuot, aka Pentecost) – Third month, 50th day from First Fruits, commemorates the giving of the Law to the Hebrews (the Ten Commandments on stone as well as the rest of the spoken laws). This holy day is to be counted – exactly 50 days after the Passover Sabbath.
Okay, the holy days are great. That’s wonderful information, but what does it have to do with Pentecost and the Holy Spirit? Where’s the revelation in any of this??
Well, if you missed it, read it again! There’s a day commemorating a “lamb slain which delivers from bondage and death,” another time after that during which “something is not allowed to rise,” followed by a celebration of the “first fruit of a promise,” and then an “anticipation of 50 days.” At first glance, it’s easy to see how the holy days FORETOLD the actions of Yahshua (the Messiah), but here’s the part that you need to realize:
HE FULFILLED EACH HOLY DAY’S MEANING ON THE ACTUAL DAY!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Do you realize what this means?
- He was slain ON Passover – the day of the slain lamb that delivers from bondage and death
- He was in the grave ON the Feast of Unleavened Bread – the time bread is not allowed to rise
- He resurrected ON First Fruits – the day of the FIRST FRUIT of the promise
… and He told His disciples to WAIT until they be endued with power from on High. And wait they did. They waited for FIFTY days, and then:
- The Holy Ghost was poured out ON Pentecost – the day of anticipation of revelation!!!!
Now, before I wrap this part up, you have to understand how DAYS work in the Bible. Nowadays, most people say the day changes at midnight, but that isn’t how it works in the Bible. By that calendar, the day changes at SUNSET! That’s why we Sabbath-keepers begin on Friday evening and end on Saturday afternoon. That’s why in the Bible, Messiah had to be taken down and buried BEFORE the evening.
These are the “spring holy days” and just like there are spring holy days, there is a fall season of holy days as well. And? Okay, here’s where this thing gets really interesting. Has Messiah fulfilled EVERY prophecy yet, or are we still waiting for a few things? “Hey, now that you mention it, there IS more to come!”
I wonder – if He fulfilled all those holy days ON the actual days, maybe it’s worth looking into the remaining holy days as well. Messiah came once and is supposed to come again. He had a SPRING, and now we’re waiting for FALL! He’s coming back. Will he continue to fulfill holy days as he did the first time, or was that just a coincidence? No, he is purposeful. YHWH ordained everything from the beginning. He set the dates thousands of years ago – we just forgot what they were, what they meant, and when they happen!
Fall Holy Days
So without further delay, here are the rest of the holy days. We already looked at the spring season, and now we’re interested in the fall holy days, which are:
- יום תרועה (pronounced: yom teruah, Feast of Trumpets) – Seventh month, 1st day
- יום כיפור (pronounced: yom kippur, Day of Atonement) – Seventh month, 10th day
- סוכות (pronounced: sukkot, aka Feast of Booths) – Seventh month, 15th-21st
So, WHAT DO THESE HOLY DAYS MEAN?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?! Here goes…
Yom Teruah is the day on which we are commanded to “hear the sound of the shofar,” which is a trumpet made of a ram’s horn. No additional explanation is given in the Scriptures for this observance, which only adds to the mystery!
The Day of Atonement is the day the Hebrews made atonement, or restitution for their sins over the past year. This was the only day of the year that the high Priest (or anybody else) could enter into the “Holiest of Holies” in the Temple, which was where the presence of YHWH was.
The Feast of Booths is a weeklong feast kept by those born in the Promised Land. During this period, YHWH commanded Israel to build “booths” which are temporary shelters made of branches and leaves, and to sleep in these for all this time to commemorate the Hebrews’ Exodus from Egypt and the conditions in which they lived (at first). This feast is reminiscent traditionally of the Biblical “wedding week” first observed by Jacob when he married Leah. During this time, the groom’s father prepared a room in his house for the new couple where they spend the first week of their marriage alone… getting to know each other.
Do these holy days sound like any yet unfulfilled prophecies of Messiah? They certainly should:
Colossians 2:16-17 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Messiah.
So what’s Paul saying here? “Hey, all you Gentiles – don’t let anybody judge you for keeping the ‘times’ of YHWH – they’re important rehersals of things the Messiah will be doing in the future!”